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Islam: The Intelligent/ Rational Approach.

The Quran: clear, complete, detailed and explained

How to cacluate Lunar phases?

How to Pray, is it mentioned in the Quran?

What is Shab-e-Barat?

Who is a Muslim?

How shall you know yourself to be a Muslim?

How shall I know yourself to be a Muslim?

Blind Faith v/s Unseen

 
Islam

Islam: The Intelligent/ Rational Approach. 

I first of all recognised that within Islam today, there is a huge garden variety. Let me begin by saying this, I respect every one's faith but humbly submit to disagree with those versions of Islam. Different "versions" of Islam are being practiced. With varying beliefs on certain issues/practices, although the core beliefs may still be the same. For example, you may yourself know that sects (subsections/divisions) within Islam exist, such as Sunni, Shiite, Sufi, Wahhabi, Nation of Islam etc, etc.

After recognising this fact, all I did was simply ask myself "How do I know I am following the correct "version" of Islam? This question is so simple, yet how many Muslims have actually asked themselves this question? Have you?

What was the sect of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)? The Alpha model of Islam. Do you have an answer? Read on...
Investigation becomes vital. I found the following references from The Quran helpful regarding this topic:

Sects condemned: You may be in direct violation of the Quran in the following Sura. Pay particular attention to "and be not divided among yourselves

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YUSUFALI: And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves;
PICKTHAL: And hold fast, all of you together, to the cable of Allah, and do not separate.
SHAKIR: And hold fast by the covenant of Allah all together and be not disunited,

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YUSUFALI: As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.
PICKTHAL: Lo! As for those who sunder their religion and become schismatics, no concern at all hast thou with them. Their case will go to Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do.
SHAKIR: Surely they who divided their religion into parts and became sects, you have no concern with them; their affair is only with Allah, then He will inform them of what they did.

The majority of people on earth misguided/disbelievers:
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YUSUFALI: Wert thou to follow the common run of those on earth, they will lead thee away from the way of Allah. They follow nothing but conjecture: they do nothing but lie.
PICKTHAL: If thou obeyedst most of those on earth they would mislead thee far from Allah's way. They follow naught but an opinion, and they do but guess.
SHAKIR: And if you obey most of those in the earth, they will lead you astray from Allah's way; they follow but conjecture and they only lie. The majority of people on earth misguided/disbelievers:
 
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YUSUFALI: So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the Faith: (establish) Allah's handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.
PICKTHAL: So set thy purpose (O Muhammad) for religion as a man by nature upright - the nature (framed) of Allah, in which He hath created man. There is no altering (the laws of) Allah's creation. That is the right religion, but most men know not -
SHAKIR: Then set your face upright for religion in the right state-- the nature made by Allah in which He has made men; there is no altering of Allah's creation; that is the right religion, but most people do not know--

Most of those who think they believe in God are actually idolaters:
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YUSUFALI: And most of them believe not in Allah without associating (other as partners) with Him!
PICKTHAL: And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners (unto Him).
SHAKIR: And most of them do not believe in Allah without associating others (with Him).

One definition of an idolater and its consequence:
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YUSUFALI: Eat not of (meats) on which Allah's name hath not been pronounced: That would be impiety. But the evil ones ever inspire their friends to contend with you if ye were to obey them, ye would indeed be Pagans.
PICKTHAL: And eat not of that whereon Allah's name hath not been mentioned, for lo! it is abomination. Lo! the devils do inspire their minions to dispute with you. But if ye obey them, ye will be in truth idolaters.
SHAKIR: And do not eat of that on which Allah's name has not been mentioned, and that is most surely a transgression; and most surely the Shaitans suggest to their friends that they should contend with you; and if you obey them, you shall most surely be polytheists.

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YUSUFALI: Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed.
PICKTHAL: Lo! Allah forgiveth not that a partner should be ascribed unto Him. He forgiveth (all) save that to whom He will. Whoso ascribeth partners to Allah, he hath indeed invented a tremendous sin.
SHAKIR: Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin.

Some of those who think they are guided/believers are not:
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YUSUFALI: Some He hath guided: Others have (by their choice) deserved the loss of their way; in that they took the evil ones, in preference to Allah, for their friends and protectors, and think that they receive guidance.
PICKTHAL: A party hath He led aright, while error hath just hold over (another) party, for lo! they choose the devils for protecting supporters instead of Allah and deem that they are rightly guided.
SHAKIR: A part has He guided aright and (as for another) part, error is justly their due, surely they took the Shaitans for guardians beside Allah, and they think that they are followers of the right 

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YUSUFALI: One day shall We gather them all together: We shall say to those who ascribed partners (to Us): "Where are the partners whom ye (invented and) talked about?"
PICKTHAL: And on the day We gather them together We shall say unto those who ascribed partners (unto Allah): Where are (now) those partners of your make-believe?
SHAKIR: And on the day when We shall gather them all together, then shall We say to those who associated others (with Allah): Where are your associates whom you asserted?

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YUSUFALI: There will then be (left) no subterfuge for them but to say: "By Allah our Lord, we were not those who joined gods with Allah."
PICKTHAL: Then will they have no contention save that they will say: By Allah, our Lord, we never were idolaters.
SHAKIR: Then their excuse would be nothing but that they would say: By Allah, our Lord, we were not polytheists.

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YUSUFALI: Behold! how they lie against their own souls! But the (lie) which they invented will leave them in the lurch.
PICKTHAL: See how they lie against themselves, and (how) the thing which they devised hath failed them!
SHAKIR: See how they lie against their own souls, and that which they forged has passed away from them. indly follow the religion/teachings of your parents: 

Do not blindly follow the religion/teachings of your parents:
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YUSUFALI: When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah hath revealed:" They say: "Nay! we shall follow the ways of our fathers." What! even though their fathers Were void of wisdom and guidance?
PICKTHAL: And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah hath revealed, they say: We follow that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance?
SHAKIR: And when it is said to them, Follow what Allah has revealed, they say: Nay! we follow what we found our fathers upon. What! and though their fathers had no sense at all, nor did they follow the right way.

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YUSUFALI: Said Moses to his people: "Pray for help from Allah, and (wait) in patience and constancy: for the earth is Allah's, to give as a heritage to such of His servants as He pleaseth; and the end is (best) for the righteous.
PICKTHAL: And Moses said unto his people: Seek help in Allah and endure. Lo! the earth is Allah's. He giveth it for an inheritance to whom He will. And lo! the sequel is for those who keep their duty (unto Him).
SHAKIR: Musa said to his people: Ask help from Allah and be patient; surely the land is Allah's; He causes such of His servants to inherit it as He pleases, and the end is for those who guard (against evil).

You should seek knowledge:
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YUSUFALI: And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) the heart will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).
PICKTHAL: (O man), follow not that whereof thou hast no knowledge. Lo! the hearing and the sight and the heart - of each of these it will be asked.
SHAKIR: And follow not that of which you have not the knowledge; surely the hearing and the sight and the heart, all of these, shall be questioned about that

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YUSUFALI: High above all is Allah, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur'an before its revelation to thee is completed, but say, "O my Lord! advance me in knowledge."
PICKTHAL: Then exalted be Allah, the True King! And hasten not (O Muhammad) with the Qur'an ere its revelation hath been perfected unto thee, and say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.
SHAKIR: Supremely exalted is therefore Allah, the King, the Truth, and do not make haste with the Quran before its revelation is made complete to you and say: O my Lord ! increase me in knowledge.

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YUSUFALI: And so amongst men and crawling creatures and cattle, are they of various colours. Those truly fear Allah, among His Servants, who have knowledge: for Allah is Exalted in Might, Oft-Forgiving.
PICKTHAL: And of men and beasts and cattle, in like manner, divers hues? The erudite among His bondmen fear Allah alone. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.
SHAKIR: And of men and beasts and cattle are various species of it likewise; those of His servants only who are possessed of knowledge fear Allah; surely Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.

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YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.
PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! If an evil-liver bring you tidings, verify it, lest ye smite some folk in ignorance and afterward repent of what ye did.
SHAKIR: O you who believe! if an evil-doer comes to you with a report, look carefully into it, lest you harm a people in ignorance, then be sorry for what you have done.

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YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! When ye are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room: (ample) room will Allah provide for you. And when ye are told to rise up, rise up Allah will rise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted (mystic) Knowledge. And Allah is well-acquainted with all ye do.
PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! when it is said unto you, Make room! in assemblies, then make room; Allah will make way for you (hereafter). And when it is said, Come up higher! go up higher; Allah will exalt those who believe among you, and those who have knowledge, to high ranks. Allah is Informed of what ye do.
SHAKIR: O you who believe! when it is said to you, Make room in (your) assemblies, then make ample room, Allah will give you ample, and when it is said: Rise up, then rise up. Allah will exalt those of you who believe, and those who are given knowledge, in high degrees; and Allah is Aware of what you do.

Summary:

It is clear from the above references that Allah does not want us to divide ourselves into sects. For example, I no longer classify myself as a Sunni Muslim, just simply as a Muslim.

Allah clearly points out that no-one truly knows who are the guided/believers apart from God alone. Maybe you, I or even the Imam in your local mosque may be misguided or an idolater. Knowing this, in combination with the references which stress upon the individual to seek knowledge, one should clearly research/investigate/question/verify all information given to them, even if it is from a scholar of Islam! Being a scholar of Islam does not entitle automatic status of the guided ones (as shown by the references), at most, it can only mean, it is more likely you can be one of the guided ones, that is all. Therefore verifying what you are taught/told is critical. How could one verify what they are taught/told? To put it simply... research, truth but verified.

This leads to the question: how one should go about researching Islam? Reading books/leaflets/literature on Islam by various writers can be helpful, but it must remain in your mind at all times that the information you are reading may be wrong, as it may have been written by those who think they are guided but are not (including this article). A simple question... what is the only book on earth which has no human author, therefore could not be written by one of those who think they are guided but are not?
The answer I hope you thought of was The Quran. The Quran is the only book on earth which is the direct Word of Allah, hence it would seem logical, to concentrate ones studies on such a book.

Many people, using my own observation, seem to prefer to study books either written on The Quran, or about Islam, rather than referring to the Word of God itself. A common misconception is that studying The Quran itself would be a difficult task. From my own studies, I have found this is not the case. I always recommend learning from the source (The Quran). Do not fall prey to people practice.

I would like to finish off by recommending an approach to studying The Quran which in my opinion, is simple and logical. Even though I can read classical Arabic (which is the language The Quran is written in) I cannot understand it, so I cannot read the original Arabic Quran and base my studies on it. However, I can read the translations, which are available in many languages throughout the world and are internationally recognised as an acceptable approximation transalation. The system I use is to read the English translations of The Quran, using several different translators, so I can compare verses. I also refer to translations by many others, mainly the following renowned: Yusuf Ali, Pickthal, Shakir. Comparison of any translated verse using several of these translators is a must in any logical approach when studying The Quran. If you come across a discrepancy between the translations or something you would like to clarify, you should compare as many translations as you can, and study the original Arabic.

A crucial technique in gaining the most accurate understanding involves cross-referencing of words/concepts/verses. For example if one is researching the topic of moon sighting, one must consider all relevant verses and the way in which specific words are used throughout al Quran. Furthermore, very often a greater understanding can be gained from considering meanings of words from Classical Arabic dictionaries.

If it is still unclear, feel free to join the QuranBroadcast.org

*of course you are free to question this belief, as it even states in The Quran:

There shall be no compulsion in religion: the right way is now distinct from the wrong way. Anyone who denounces the devil and believes in GOD has grasped the strongest bond; one that never breaks. GOD is Hearer, Omniscient. (2:256)

 **please note that any translation of The Quran cannot be equated to the original Arabic Quran, therefore cannot be regarded as the direct Word of God. All translations are simply an interpretation of what is being said in the original Quran by the translator.

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Shab-e-Barat

Shab-e-Barat a  non Quranic ritual. There is nothing in the Quran which refers to it.

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Blind Faith v/s Unseen

Quran requires not the blind faith but a belief in the Unseen. It is important for a Muslim to understand not to  be manuiplated to accept things which are not mentioned in the Quran.

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YUSUFALI: Who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them;
PICKTHAL: Who believe in the Unseen, and establish worship, and spend of that We have bestowed upon them;
SHAKIR: Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them.
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The Crimnals of Islam

THE CRIMINALS OF ISLAM...preview.
By Shabbir Ahmed, M.D.

I believe that sincere, enlightened Muslims could have never said, or written much of what we see in these works. These shameful, conjecture-based stories bring a bad name to Islam, the Glorious
Quran, the exalted Muhammad, and his companions. People reading these insults to human intelligence find them highly distasteful and get a very negative, though false, picture of the true Islam, which, in my opinion, is the only hope for the future of humanity.

IMAM RAZI'S HORRIBLE CONFESSION:
"All my intellectual and supposedly logical statements in the explanation of the Quran turned out to be lame. All the explanations of the Quran done by the so-called Imams (Tabari, Zamakhshari, Ibne Kathir, Bukhari, Muslim etc) are misguided and misleading. All of us were the tools of Satan. Our souls were polluted by our physical desires. Our efforts of this world promise to bring us nothing but eternal torture and doom." - Hadith-Ul-Quran by Allama Inayatullah Khan Al-Mashriqi, 1954 edition p190.

IMAM TABARI'S STRANGE CONFESSION:
“I am writing this book as I hear from the narrators. If anything sounds absurd, I should not be blamed or held accountable. The responsibility of all blunders rests squarely on the shoulders of those
who have narrated these stories to me.”

IMAM IBN KATHIR'S CONFESSION:
“Had Ibn Jareer Tabari not recorded the strange reports, I would never have done so.”
-Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Khilaafat-e-Mu'awiya-o-Yazeed, Mahmood Ahmed
Abbasi

IMAM AHMAD BIN HANBAL'S CHASTISEMENT:
Allama Shibli Nomani, on page 27 of his Seeratun Nabi has given a startling quote of the ancient Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241 AH),
“Three kinds of books are absolutely unfounded, Maghazi, Malahem and Tafseer.” (The exalted Prophet’s Battles, Dreams and Prophecies, and Expositions of the Quran).

IBN KHALDOON’S THRASHING:
“The Muslim historians have made a mockery of history

SHAH ABDUL AZIZ’S CRITIQUE:
“Six pages of Ibn Khaldoon's History have been deliberately removed since the earliest times. These pages had questioned the most critical juncture of Islamic history i.e. the Emirate of Yazeed and the fiction of Karbala.” [Even the modern editions admit in the side-notes that those pages have been mysteriously missing from the ancient original book. Khilaafat-e-Mu'awiya-o-Yazeed, Mahmood Ahmed Abbasi]

SHAH WALIULLAH'S CHASTISEMENT:
“Imam Jalaluddin Sayyuti's Tarikh-ul-Khulafa is the prime example of how our Historians, Muhaddithin and Mufassirin, each has played like Haatib-il-Lail (The man who collects firewood at night not knowing which piece is good and which one is bad).”
- Hujjatullah-il-Baalighah

IMAM RAGHIB'S PROTEST:
Tabari, Waqidi, Mas'oodi, Sayyuti pasted any reports they got hands on. Moreover, Abu Mukhnif, Lut bin Yahya and Muhammad bin Saaeb Kalbi (in whose names the civil wars within Islam during the times of Hazraat Ali, Mu'awiya and Yazeed are reported) never existed. Their names have been concocted and narratives in their names have all been invented by one man, the Zoroastrian  "Imam" Tabari bin Rustam.
- Ajaibit Tareekh by Yaqoot Hamdi

WRONGS FROM THE “RIGHT” BUKHARI

At the outset, please know that a great scholar of Islam, Ubaidullah Sindhi concedes, "I cannot teach Bukhari Hadith to any youngster, or to a non-Muslim because of shame." (Preface to Ilham-ur-Rahman).

Hazrat Ali stated that he constantly suffered from “jiryan” (drainage of prostate secretions). [Bukhari Vol 1, Kitabul ‘Ilm, The Book of Knowledge pg 150 #132] This fictitious condition is widely believed in the East to take away manhood. Someone is trying to dishonor the great companion of the Prophet (S).

The sun rises between the two antlers of Satan. [Beginning of
Creation 2:235 #504]

Prophet Abraham lied three times. [Bukhari, Book of Nikah 3:57 #78]

Azan, (the call to prayer), puts Satan to flight, expelling gas as he runs away. [Bukhari, Beginning of Creation 2:237 #515]

Satan rests at night in your noses. [Bukhari, Beginning of Creation
2:241 #527]

Woman was created from the rib so she will always remain crooked. Leave her crooked. If you try to straighten her, you will break her.
[Bukhari, Beginning of Creation 2:251 #559]

If the Prophet wanted to have intercourse with a menstruating wife, he ordered her to tie a loincloth even though the menstruation would be at its peak. Then he had intercourse. Whoever has concocted this Hadith adds a contrary statement: Ayesha said, "None of you has as much control over his desire as the Prophet had!" [The Book on Menstruation 1:198, # 295] The caption of this Hadith is ‘Mubaashiratil-
haayidh’.

Fasting castrates. [Bukhari, Vol 1 pg 685 Kitabus Saum, #1780]

Ayesha relates, “The Prophet used to have intercourse with us and deeply kissed us while he was fasting.” Then she shied away smiling.
[Bukhari Vol 1:691, Kitabus Saum, Hadith #1798 & 1799]

The Prophet used to pray wearing his shoes. [Vol 1 pg 228 Hadith
#376] Why can’t other Muslims follow this ‘Sunnah’?

Read Vol 3 pg 111 Hadith #228. No person should reach home to his family at night. Why? According to a forged Hadith, the Prophet (S) used to advise them not to go home before dawn, saying, “Would any of you like to see his wife in bed with another man?” Also, hear from Mullah Rumi: When the companions went with the Prophet for battles, some of their wives had intimate relations with other men.
[Mullah Jalaluddin Rumi, Feeh-Ma-Feeh, Saleem Chishti, Islami Tasawwuf pg 66]

Vol 1 pg 185, The Book of Bath #246: Abu Salma and the brother of Ayesha went to her to learn about the bath after sexual intercourse. She procured a container of water and took a bath. There was a veil between them and her.

Mullah Rumi: When the companions went with the Prophet for battles, some of their wives had intimate relations with other men.
[Mullah Jalaluddin Rumi, Feeh-Ma-Feeh, Saleem Chishti, Islami Tasawwuf pg 66]

Countless Ahadith dwell upon proving the eternal junbb state of the exalted Prophet. Junbb signifies the unclean state after sexual intercourse. The reader need only refer to the Book of Bath, Kitab-il-Ghusl in Bukhari Volume I. The Prophet was the busiest man on earth bringing about the greatest revolution of human history. How could he have time for this extravaganza?

Vol 1 pg 161 Kitabil Wudhu, Hadith #185 narrates that once the Prophet (S) asked for a bowl of water. He washed his hands and face in it. Then he rinsed his mouth in it and after that ordered Abu Musa and Bilal to drink from the used water! Respected reader, if you can make your children and non-Muslims drink this brand of Islam, more power to you!

Vol 1 pg 188, Hadith #260 Syedah Mamoona is said to be not only watching the Prophet (S) unclothed but also carrying out a running commentary. Hadith pg 192 #273 states that Umm Hani, who was not even one of the household, saw the Prophet bathing.

According to the narrator, in Vol 1 pg 193 #276, Abu Hurairah suddenly disappears from the scene. Later, when the Prophet asks him the reason, he replies, “I was a junbbi.” By now you know what a junbbi is.

Vol 1 pg 201, Hadith #305 too is a grave insult to aesthetics and common sense. Narrating the method of achieving purity after menstruation, the Prophet is supposedly advising a woman that she
should grab a cotton swab scented with musk, then touch the area tainted with blood. And then Ayesha pulled the woman to herself (to demonstrate?)

Vol 1 pg 145 Kitabul ‘Ilm Hadith #120 commits the most dangerous atrocity in Islamic theology: Abu Huraira narrates, “I learned two bags of knowledge from Rasul-ul-Allah (S). One bag I have made public, but if I open the other bag people will cut my throat.”

I am superior to Prophets and I am higher in rank than they are.
(Mohiuddin Ibn-Arabi, Hadeeqa Sultania p190)

I have denounced Islam. I believe this is incumbent on people. Allah is God sitting in the heavens,I am the God on earth. (Statement of Hussain bin Mansoor Hallaj, Khateeb Baghdadi vol 8, Ibne Athir chapter 11:140)

Men of knowledge see the Shi’as as swines. (Mohiuddin Ibn-Arabi, Futoohat Makkia 2:8)

My body has merged with the body of Rasulullah. Therefore, we are one. (Shah Waliullah, Anfasul Arifain)

I recite Surah Fatiha and walk across the river. (Mulfoozat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri).

Hindus worship idols, Muslims worship graves. We have ‘Urs instead of Yatra, Tawaf of graves instead of Phairay, Agarbatti in place of Momebatti, Tabarruk versus Prashad, Qawwali versus Bhajan, Araq-e-Gulab versus Gangajal, Kharqa versus Zunnar, and so on. (Iman-e-Khalis by Fazil ‘Uloom-e Deeniyah, Dr. Masooduddin Usmani)

The priest in the church is our Allah. (Ibn-Arabi, Qasasul Ulema pg 53) There is none else worthy of worship. Come and worship me. (Mullah Jalaluddin Rumi, Mathnawi 4:52)

Alas! The Muslim fails to understand that Allah can be found only in idol worship. (Sufi Mahmood Shabistri, Sharah Gulshan-e-Raz pg 294)

Hanafis are people who are pacing toward Hellfire. The death anniversary of Imam Husain must be celebrated like the Festival of Eid. (“Piran-e-Pir Dastgeer” - The Saint of saints, Holder of hands -
Abdul Qadir Jeelani, Ghania- til-Talibain pg 190)

My foot is on the neck of every saint. So, I placed my foot on Hazrat Ali's neck. (Abdul Qadir Jeelani, Asrar-ul-Qadam pg 191)

Whenever Khwaja Maudood Chishti desired to see the Ka’bah, angels airlifted it to the land of Chisht in India. (Malfoozat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bukhtiar Kaki, Fariduddin Ganj Shakar)

One thousand years have gone and so has the time of Muhammad. Now it is my time, the time of Ahmad. The second millennium is mine.
(Sheikh Ahmad Sarhindi, the so-called “Mujaddid Alf-Sani” - Revivalist of the Second Millennium - Mubda-wa-Mu’ad)

Khwaja Qutbuddin Maudood Chishti’s dead body flew in the air on its way to the graveyard. Khwaja Fareeduddin Ganj Shakar upon narrating this fell unconscious. He himself could not bear his own forgery. (Rahatil-Quloob, Ganj Shakar).

Adam cried for 300 years, so much so that birds made nests on his face. His tears brought forth so much grass that it covered his 60 meters long body. (Rahatul Muhibbeen c/o Ameer Khusro. Khwaja Nizamuddin Awlia)

If Awlia (saints) wish, they can accept invitations from 10,000 towns and be there at the same time. (Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi,
Malfoozat part I pg 127)

When Shah Waliullah was in his mother’s womb, she said a prayer. Two tiny hands appeared from her belly for prayer. She was frightened. Her husband said, "You have Qutubul Aqtab (Saint of
Saints) in your womb. (Mullah Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Hikayaat-e-Awlia pg 17).

The Prophet laid the foundation of Darul Uloom, Deoband, India (in the 19th century!) He comes to check the accounts of the Madrasah. He has learnt Urdu from the Ulema of Deoband. (Mubasshirat-e-Darul Uloom and Deoband Number of the Darul Uloom). Was this tale made up to lend credence to the Deoband Mullah factory?

One night I started flying from heaven to heaven until I reached the Prophet. He accepted my allegiance. (Reference same, pp 38-39) The sun cannot rise before greeting me. The new year, the new
month, the new day, cannot dawn without greeting me and informing me of every single event. (Malfoozat Ahmad Raza Barelwi about ‘Ghaus Azam’ Abdul Qadir Jeelani)

Allah has only 99 virtuous names. I have more than 99, in fact 4000.
(Shah Waliullah quoting his uncle, Anfasul Arifain pg 210)

God came to me in a cloak in the guise of an extremely beautiful woman. I became passionate and said, “Cast aside your cloak.” The response came, “The cloak is very thin. It reveals my beauty.” I
insisted, upon which the cloak was lifted. (Quote of father and son, Shah Abdur Raheem & Shah Waliullah, Anfasul Arifain p 94)

The great Pir (master saint) of the 19th century, Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi, has been quoted in his Malfoozat pg 32, "Prophets are alive in their graves like ever before. They eat, drink, pray and receive their wives in the grave and engage in sex with them."

Prophet David and Prophet Muhammad both sinned because they saw the beauty of unclothed women. Then Uriah’s wife and Zaid’s wife became Haram (forbidden) for their husbands. (Ali Hajweri, alias “Daata Ganj Baksh,” the Giver of treasures, Kalamil Marghoob pg 349)

Ali Hajweri, “Daata Ganj Bakhsh,” in his Kashfil Mahjoob, pp 255-256 supports Ba-Yazeed Bustami's claim that he was God in human form. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri taught his disciples a different Kalema (Creed) “There is no god but Allah and Chishti is His Messenger.” (Khwaja Fareed-ud-Din Ganj Shakar, Fawaed-us-Saalikeen ppg 126-127)

Imam Shafi’i is totally unreliable. (Imam Yahya Bin Moin in Jama’ Bayanul ‘Ilm)

Abu Hanifa had no trace of knowledge of Deen. (Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal, Khateeb Baghdadi 13:396)

Abu Hanifa is no less than Iblees and Dajjal. (Imam Malik, Khateeb Baghdadi 13:396)

The worst of all people in Islam is Abu Hanifa. He is Dajjal. (Abdur Rahman Bin Mahdi, Imam Ozaa’i, Khateeb Baghdadi 13:498)

There were grave disputes between Imams Shafi’i, Abu Hanifa, Malik, Hanbal and Sufiyan Sauri. Whoever spoke much in vain was called a Faqih. (Shah Waliullah, Hujjatullah Al Baligha pg 254)

The so-called Imams were all children of bondwomen. They destroyed Islam just as the children of bondwomen had destroyed Israelites. (Safyan Sauri, Khateeb 13:394)

Out of scores of indictments of the ‘Imams’ , the following few are recommended a glance in Tareekh Khateeb Baghdadi, Vol 13 pp 390 to 396, pg 498 and Vol 14 pg 257.

The mischief of Imam Abu Hanifa for the Ummah is no less than that of Dajjal. According to Imam Abdur Rahman Mehdi, his Fitna is greater then that of Dajjal, the anti-Christ.

Safyan Thauri and Imam Auzaa’i said, "No one as reprehensible as Abu Hanifa has been born in Islam."

Abu Hanifa called Imam Ja’far Sadiq and Imam Malik as the worst creations ever.

Imam Shafi’i called Abu Hanifa the worst of creation. Imam Abu Yousuf declared Imam Abdullah bin Mubarak a great sinner. Abdullah replied, “Abu Yousuf is a greater sinner and a great liar.”

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal said, "I agree with what you are telling me, but if Abu Hanifa favored it, then I reject it as nonsense."

Abu Hanifa and Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal were "Munkireen" (deniers) of Hadith.

Abu Hanifa accepted only 17 Ahadith. (Khateeb 13:387) A person told a Hadith on behalf of Imam Malik to Abu Hanifa that wudhu (ablution) is half of faith. Imam Abu Hanifa responded, “You
should perform two ablutions so that your faith can become whole. (Khateeb Baghdadi 13:387). This one makes sense.

The following eight statements are taken from the popular Gharaib fil Tahqiq-al-Mazahib wa Tafhimul Masaail compiled by several scholars:

1. Abu Hanifa declared that Imam Malik was a man without any sense.
2. Imam Ja’afar Sadiq was an ugly blot on Islam according to Ahmad bin Hanbal.
3. Imam Nafe said, “Imam Shafi’i committed the most grievous crime, calling Hadith as another form of revelation. He equated Hadith with Wahi. He was a sodomite and a catamite.” A Mullah at large from
Deoband (“Maulana” Yousuf Islahi), these days begins his address by declaring Imam Shafi’i as his hero.
4. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal was apparently a vanguard of Islam, but in truth, he was a horrible hypocrite. Mujahid-al-Munafiq Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, by Abdul Muhsin bin Mullah Ali Al-Qari, pg 67-135)
5. Imam Yahya bin Moin said that Iman Hanbal was a Sabai (a bitter Shi’a).
6. The Sacred Tank of water, Intercession, Angels questioning in the grave, Doom of the grave, Returning of souls in the grave, are truths beyond doubt. But Imam Bukhari said, “If Hanbal says that, it is all nonsense.
7. Abu Hanifa says, “Be the curse of Allah on those who call themselves Imams… Imam Malik, Shafi’i and Ja’far Sadiq were deceitful liars and sodomites.”
8. Imam Ja’far Sadiq himself was a master forger, but he called all Imams of Figh and hadith narrators as the worst creatures under the skies.

Temporary marriage (Mut’ah) is permissible under certain circumstances. (Tarjumanul Quran, August 1955). Maududi puts forward an example: If a man and woman get stranded on an island,
as soon as they procure food, they should go ahead, marry and indulge in sex with no witnesses required, and regardless of their marital status.

In response to a question concerning praying at gravesites to the dead saints, Maududi maintains, “It is possible that you may be calling, but they may not be listening. It is also possible that they may
be able to listen, but their soul might not be there and you may be calling nobody. Also, it may be that their soul might be having sex or praying to their Lord and you may tease them in your selfishness.”
(Ref same, pg 261). It is possible that Maududi had lost his mind. It is also possible that he has no idea of what he is talking about. See Quran 36:51-52

Imam Abu Hanifa’s fiqh has converted Islam into a frozen Hindu Shastra. (Tarjumanul Quran 1:136).

The goat-eaten, non-existent, “Ten Sucklings Verse” (the so-called Ayah Ridha'at) is a horrible joke. The 'Imams' of Hadith report that Hazrat Ayesha advised women of an 'easy' way to admit unrelated men into their privacy. Let any grown up unrelated man suckle on the woman's breasts on ten different occasions and lo and behold! He becomes a Mahram (one who is a family member and can intrude into their privacy from then on). (Hadith 1934 Ibn Majah, 30:12 Malik’s Muwatta and Bukhari about the ‘criminal’ goat)

In Vol 1 pg 338 of his Tafhim points #1-4, Mullah Maududi writes that although the jurists differ on the age of suckling, even if a grown up or an old man suckles on a woman, he will enter into the bond of suckling! But the foolishness does not end here. Maududi asserts in Tarjumanul Quran that the amount of milk actually swallowed is of terrible importance. How much milk? Maududi frantically seeks help from Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik and comes up with a solution. Well, the amount is that which will be enough to break the fast of a fasting person. However, the three Mullahs fail to elaborate how much milk will be sufficient to break a fast. The Mullahs have neither the sense, nor the courage to reject Ahadith that insult human intelligence, such as this one of a grown up man suckling on a strange woman! Would the Mullahs advise this nonsense to their wives, sisters and daughters? Who knows if Maududi did that?

Nehjul Balagha is a book believed by millions (Shi’as) to be the most authentic book on earth after the Quran. This book is supposedly a collection of Hazrat Ali’s speeches. Unfortunately, the Mullahs who wrote it on hearsay centuries after Hazrat Ali ascribe such insults to him:
* Woman is a scorpion that may please the heart but never refrains from stinging.
* Woman is all evil. The greater evil is that there is no subsistence without her.
* Women are deficient in intellect. Beware of even the good women.

In the night of Me’raaj (Ascension), Imam Ghazali rebuked Prophet Moses. Prophet Muhammad said, “Respect him O Ghazali!”
(Malfoozat Haji Imdadullah Mahajir Makki, Imdadul Mushtaq by Ashraf Ali Thanwi). Please note that Ghazali was born 5 centuries after the exalted Prophet. Imagine him rebuking the exalted Moses.

Take the front leg of a goat after Friday prayers. Be completely naked. Write Surah Yasin and the name of the person you desire.Then place the meat in a cooking pot. That person will surely fall in
love with you. (Mullah Ashraf Ali Thanwi, known as Hakeem-ul- Ummat (The Wise of the Nation), Monthly "Khalid", Deoband Darul Uloom)

One of the greatest names of the Islamic world of the 20th century , the Chief Saudi Cleric, Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baaz, issued a Fatwa in 1970: Whoever believes that the Earth moves around the Sun, or that man has landed on the Moon is an ardent Kaafir. Furthermore, anyone doubting his infidelity would be a greater Kaafir and his wife would be automatically divorced from him. It would be haram to marry into his family, drink water in his house, pray behind him, or to attend his funeral prayer.

“Maulana” Yousuf Ludhianwi taught a simple method to make interest (usury) Halal: Borrow from a non-Muslim. (Masaail-e-Jadeedah)

For adulterers the Quran ordains lashes and Hadith ordains stoning. What should be done then is 100 lashes on one day then stoning on the following day as Hazrat Ali commanded. (Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al-Balagh-il-Ma’arif)

‘Imam’ Muhammad Abu Hamid Ghazali...Ehyaul Uloom, Hazrat Ali said, “Start your food with a breakfast of salt and Allah will remove seventy afflictions. Eating halwa (pancakes) and sweets
causes the testicles to dangle.” (2:36). Strangely enough, it is hard to come across a Mullah who is not terribly fond of ‘halwa’ and sweets.

Hazrat Umar Farooq used to break his fast (not by eating or drinking), but by having sexual intercourse. During Ramadhan he used to have intercourse with three concubines before Salat-il-Isha (the night prayers). (2:54)

During his travel to Hajj, Hazrat Umar listened to songs from a songstress, Nabat Fouadah, until dawn. (Al-Asaba 2:1)

Ayesha narrated that the Prophet used to suck on her tongue while he was fasting. (Masnad Ahmad 6:123, Abu Dawood 15:237, Baihaqi 4:234). Did these three Imams have any shame?

People who narrate Ahadith tell lies even without intention. (Imam Muslim in his preface to Saheeh-Muslim, Egypt pg 13-14)

You get the drift...continue with THE CRIMINALS OF ISLAM








 
How shall you know yourself to be a Muslim?

An in depth study of the Quran  will make  the person know what is the intent of Allah? The following  particular verse  is very reavealing on this subject.
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YUSUFALI: For Muslim men and women,- for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah's praise,- for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.
PICKTHAL: Lo! men who surrender unto Allah, and women who surrender, and men who believe and women who believe, and men who obey and women who obey, and men who speak the truth and women who speak the truth, and men who persevere (in righteousness) and women who persevere, and men who are humble and women who are humble, and men who give alms and women who give alms, and men who fast and women who fast, and men who guard their modesty and women who guard (their modesty), and men who remember Allah much and women who remember - Allah hath prepared for them forgiveness and a vast reward.
SHAKIR: Surely the men who submit and the women who submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women and the humble men and the humble women, and the almsgiving men and the almsgiving women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their private parts and the women who guard, and the men who remember Allah much and the women who remember-- Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.
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How shall I know yourself to be a Muslim?

A person will never know an another Muslim unless you  have Read the Quran in the language you understand and is a mirror image of the Quran in Practice. It is in plain language as Quran states:
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YUSUFALI: We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them. Now Allah leaves straying those whom He pleases and guides whom He pleases: and He is Exalted in power, full of Wisdom.
PICKTHAL: And We never sent a messenger save with the language of his folk, that he might make (the message) clear for them. Then Allah sendeth whom He will astray, and guideth whom He will. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
SHAKIR: And We did not send any messenger but with the language of his people, so that he might explain to them clearly; then Allah makes whom He pleases err and He guides whom He pleases and He is the Mighty, the Wise.

019.097
YUSUFALI: So have We made the (Qur'an) easy in thine own tongue, that with it thou mayest give Glad Tidings to the righteous, and warnings to people given to contention.
PICKTHAL: And We make (this Scripture) easy in thy tongue, (O Muhammad) only that thou mayst bear good tidings therewith unto those who ward off (evil), and warn therewith the froward folk.
SHAKIR: So We have only made it easy in your tongue that you may give good news thereby to those who guard (against evil) and warn thereby a vehemently contentious people.

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YUSUFALI: A Book, whereof the verses are explained in detail;- a Qur'an in Arabic, for people who understand;-
PICKTHAL: A Scripture whereof the verses are expounded, a Lecture in Arabic for people who have knowledge,
SHAKIR: A Book of which the verses are made plain, an Arabic Quran for a people who know:

041.044
YUSUFALI: Had We sent this as a Qur'an (in the language) other than Arabic, they would have said: "Why are not its verses explained in detail? What! (a Book) not in Arabic and (a Messenger an Arab?" Say: "It is a Guide and a Healing to those who believe; and for those who believe not, there is a deafness in their ears, and it is blindness in their (eyes): They are (as it were) being called from a place far distant!"
PICKTHAL: And if We had appointed it a Lecture in a foreign tongue they would assuredly have said: If only its verses were expounded (so that we might understand)? What! A foreign tongue and an Arab? - Say unto them (O Muhammad): For those who believe it is a guidance and a healing; and as for those who disbelieve, there is a deafness in their ears, and it is blindness for them. Such are called to from afar.
SHAKIR: And if We had made it a Quran in a foreign tongue, they would certainly have said: Why have not its communications been made clear? What! a foreign (tongue) and an Arabian! Say: It is to those who believe a guidance and a healing; and (as for) those who do not believe, there is a heaviness in their ears and it is obscure to them; these shall be called to from a far-off place.

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YUSUFALI: We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) guided: and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good:
PICKTHAL: And We bestowed upon him Isaac and Jacob; each of them We guided; and Noah did We guide aforetime; and of his seed (We guided) David and Solomon and Job and Joseph and Moses and Aaron. Thus do We reward the good.
SHAKIR: And We gave to him Ishaq and Yaqoub; each did We guide, and Nuh did We guide before, and of his descendants, Dawood and Sulaiman and Ayub and Yusuf and Haroun; and thus do We reward those who do good (to others).
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Muslim

The Quran defines who is a Muslim at several places. Following links will make the reader understand who is a Muslim?
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YUSUFALI: "Our Lord! make of us Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to Thy (will); and show us our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
PICKTHAL: Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.
SHAKIR: Our Lord! and make us both submissive to Thee and (raise) from our offspring a nation submitting to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully), surely Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.

002.132 002.136 002.144 002.150 003.052 003.064 003.080 003.102 004.044 004.131 005.061 005.111 006.109 007.126 007.198 008.017 008.043 008.044 009.004 009.062 009.094 015.002 016.089 016.102 022.078 028.053 039.012 041.033 049.017 051.036 066.002
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Islamic Calender

The Islamic Calendar

The Islamic calendar is a purely lunar calendar in which months correspond to the lunar phase cycle. As a result, the cycle of twelve lunar months regresses through the seasons over a period of about 33 years. For religious purposes, Muslims begin the months with the first visibility of the lunar crescent after conjunction. For civil purposes a tabulated calendar that approximates the lunar phase cycle is often used.

The seven-day week is observed with each day beginning at sunset. Weekdays are specified by number, with day 1 beginning at sunset on Saturday and ending at sunset on Sunday. Day 5, which is called Jum'a, is the day for congregational prayers. Unlike the Sabbath days of the Christians and Jews, however, Jum'a is not a day of rest. Jum'a begins at sunset on Thursday and ends at sunset on Friday.

Rules

Years of twelve lunar months are reckoned from the Era of the Hijra, commemorating the migration of the Prophet and his followers from Mecca to Medina. This epoch, 1 A.H. (Anno Higerae) Muharram 1, is generally taken by astronomers (Neugebauer, 1975) to be Thursday, +622 July 15 (Julian calendar). This is called the astronomical Hijra epoch. Chronological tables (e.g., Mayr and Spuler, 1961; Freeman-Grenville, 1963) generally use Friday, July 16, which is designated the civil epoch. In both cases the Islamic day begins at sunset of the previous day.

For religious purposes, each month begins in principle with the first sighting of the lunar crescent after the New Moon. This is particularly important for establishing the beginning and end of Ramadan. Because of uncertainties due to weather, however, a new month may be declared thirty days after the beginning of the preceding month. Although various predictive procedures have been used for determining first visibility, they have always had an equivocal status. In practice, there is disagreement among countries, religious leaders, and scientists about whether to rely on observations, which are subject to error, or to use calculations, which may be based on poor models.

Chronologists employ a thirty-year cyclic calendar in studying Islamic history. In this tabular calendar, there are eleven leap years in the thirty-year cycle. Odd-numbered months have thirty days and even-numbered months have twenty-nine days, with a thirtieth day added to the twelfth month, Dhu al-Hijjah. Years 2, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, and 29 of the cycle are designated leap years. This type of calendar is also used as a civil calendar in some Muslim countries, though other years are sometimes used as leap years. The mean length of the month of the thirty-year tabular calendar is about 2.9 seconds less than the synodic period of the Moon.

Months of Tabular Islamic Calendar
1. Muharram** 30 7. Rajab** 30
2. Safar 29 8. Sha'ban 29
3. Rabi'a I 30 9. Ramadan*** 30
4. Rabi'a II 29 10. Shawwal 29
5. Jumada I 30 11. Dhu al-Q'adah** 30
6. Jumada II 29 12. Dhu al-Hijjah** 29*

* In a leap year, Dhu al-Hijjah has 30 days.
** Holy months.
*** Month of fasting..

History of the Islamic Calendar

The form of the Islamic calendar, as a lunar calendar without intercalation, was laid down by the Prophet in the Qur'an (Sura IX, verse 36-37) and in his sermon at the Farewell Pilgrimage. This was a departure from the lunisolar calendar commonly used in the Arab world, in which months were based on first sightings of the lunar crescent, but an intercalary month was added as deemed necessary.

Caliph 'Umar I is credited with establishing the Hijra Era in A.H. 17. It is not known how the initial date was determined. However, calculations show that the astronomical New Moon (i.e., conjunction) occurred on +622 July 14 at 0444 UT (assuming delta-T = 1.0 hour), so that sighting of the crescent most likely occurred on the evening of July 16.

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Lunar phase calculation

Lunar phase calculation:

Lunar phases are the result of our seeing the illuminated half of the Moon at different angles. The Moon exhibits different phases as the relative positions of the Sun, Earth and Moon change, appearing as the full moon when the Sun and Moon are on opposite sides of the Earth, and becoming invisible as the new moon (also named dark moon) when they are on the same side: these two phases are called syzygies. The time between two full moons is about 29.5 days; it is longer than the time it takes the Moon to orbit the Earth since the Earth-Moon system is orbiting the Sun. The phases are not created by the shadow of the Earth on the moon (that would be a Lunar eclipse); instead, they are a result of our seeing only part of the illuminated half of the Moon.

  • Dark Moon - Not visible
  • New Moon - Not visible, or traditionally: first visible crescent of the Moon
  • Waxing crescent Moon - Right 1-49% visible
  • First quarter Moon - Right 50% visible
  • Waxing gibbous Moon - Right 51-99% visible
  • Full Moon - Fully visible
  • Waning gibbous Moon - Left 51-99% visible
  • Third quarter Moon - Left 50% visible
  • Waning crescent Moon - Left 1-49% visible
  • New Moon - Not visible

In the southern hemisphere, the above is reversed. For example:

  • Waxing crescent Moon - Left 1-49% visible
  • Waning crescent Moon - Right 1-49% visible

When the Sun and Moon are on opposite sides of the Earth, the Moon appears full: the moon appears as a whole disc. As the Moon orbits the earth, the moon wanes, as the amount of illuminated lunar surface reduces, until the moon effectively disappears at the New Moon, when the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun and thus the illuminated half cannot be seen at all.

The different phases of the Moon have different names. As the moon waxes (the amount of illuminated surface is growing), the moon moves through the New Moon, Crescent Moon, First-Quarter Moon, Gibbous Moon and Full Moon phases, before returning through the Gibbous Moon, Third-quarter Moon, Crescent Moon and Old Moon phases. Old Moon and New Moon are interchangeable, although New Moon is used in preference, and Half Moon is often used to mean the First- and Third-Quarter Moons.

Virtual Reality Moon Phase Pictures


These "Virtual Reality Moon Phases" were created by R. Schmidt from ray-traced images of the Moon. A Clementine spacecraft mosaic of the lunar surface was mapped onto a sphere, and scenes were rendered as a virtual Sun "orbited" the Moon. The depiction of lunar surface features suffers geometric distortion but the terminator is correct with respect to the spherical Moon.

Current Phase of the Moon:
Updates every 4 hours):


You can view the phase of the Moon for any date and time [1800-2199 A.D].


Century: Year : Month: Day: Hour: Zone:
If you leave all fields blank, you get the phase of the Moon for 0 hrs UT today.

If it is still unclear, feel free to join the Forum.

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The Quran

The Quran: clear, complete, detailed and explained.
Muslims these days seem to think that The Quran is not clear and detailed enough to live their lives by. It is an interesting  perspective, considering most of the people who have this view have not even studied The Quran in their own language. If they have not studied The Quran how can they then understand the intent of Allah?


With references from The Quran itself, let us examine what Allah says about The Quran:

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YUSUFALI: We have sent down to thee Manifest Signs (ayat); and none reject them but those who are perverse.
PICKTHAL: Verily We have revealed unto thee clear tokens, and only miscreants will disbelieve in them.
SHAKIR: And certainly We have revealed to you clear communications and none disbelieve in them except the transgressors.

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YUSUFALI: Say: "Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? - when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail." They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt.
PICKTHAL: Shall I seek other than Allah for judge, when He it is Who hath revealed unto you (this) Scripture, fully explained? Those unto whom We gave the Scripture (aforetime) know that it is revealed from thy Lord in truth. So be not thou (O Muhammad) of the waverers.
SHAKIR: Shall I then seek a judge other than Allah? And He it is Who has revealed to you the Book (which is) made plain; and those whom We have given the Book know that it is revealed by your Lord with truth, therefore you should not be of the disputers.

006.115
YUSUFALI: The word of thy Lord doth find its fulfilment in truth and in justice: None can change His words: for He is the one who heareth and knoweth all.
PICKTHAL: Perfected is the Word of thy Lord in truth and justice. There is naught that can change His words. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
SHAKIR: And the word of your Lord has been accomplished truly and justly; there is none who can change His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

 006.126
YUSUFALI: This is the way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailed the signs for those who receive admonition.
PICKTHAL: This is the path of thy Lord, a straight path. We have detailed Our revelations for a people who take heed.
SHAKIR: And this is the path of your Lord, (a) right (path); indeed We have made the communications clear for a people who mind.

 007.052
YUSUFALI: For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail,- a guide and a mercy to all who believe.
PICKTHAL: Verily We have brought them a Scripture which We expounded with knowledge, a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
SHAKIR: And certainly We have brought them a Book which We have made clear with knowledge, a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.

010.037
YUSUFALI: This Qur'an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the worlds.
PICKTHAL: And this Qur'an is not such as could ever be invented in despite of Allah; but it is a confirmation of that which was before it and an exposition of that which is decreed for mankind - Therein is no doubt - from the Lord of the Worlds.
SHAKIR: And this Quran is not such as could be forged by those besides Allah, but it is a verification of that which is before it and a clear explanation of the book, there is no doubt in it, from the Lord of the worlds.

 011.001
YUSUFALI: A. L. R. (This is) a Book, with verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning), further explained in detail,- from One Who is Wise and Well-acquainted (with all things):
PICKTHAL: Alif. Lam. Ra. (This is) a Scripture the revelations whereof are perfected and then expounded. (It cometh) from One Wise, Informed,
SHAKIR: Alif Lam Ra (This is) a Book, whose verses are made decisive, then are they made plain, from the Wise, All-aware:

 012.111
YUSUFALI: There is, in their stories, instruction for men endued with understanding. It is not a tale invented, but a confirmation of what went before it,- a detailed exposition of all things, and a guide and a mercy to any such as believe.
PICKTHAL: In their history verily there is a lesson for men of understanding. It is no invented story but a confirmation of the existing (Scripture) and a detailed explanation of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for folk who believe.
SHAKIR: In their histories there is certainly a lesson for men of understanding. It is not a narrative which could be forged, but a verification of what is before it and a distinct explanation of all things and a guide and a mercy to a people who believe

016.089
YUSUFALI: One day We shall raise from all Peoples a witness against them, from amongst themselves: and We shall bring thee as a witness against these (thy people): and We have sent down to thee the Book explaining all things, a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims.
PICKTHAL: And (bethink you of) the day when We raise in every nation a witness against them of their own folk, and We bring thee (Muhammad) as a witness against these. And We reveal the Scripture unto thee as an exposition of all things, and a guidance and a mercy and good tidings for those who have surrendered (to Allah).
SHAKIR: And on the day when We will raise up in every people a witness against them from among themselves, and bring you as a witness against these-- and We have revealed the Book to you explaining clearly everything, and a guidance and mercy and good news for those who submit.

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YUSUFALI: We have made the Night and the Day as two (of Our) Signs: the Sign of the Night have We obscured, while the Sign of the Day We have made to enlighten you; that ye may seek bounty from your Lord, and that ye may know the number and count of the years: all things have We explained in detail.
PICKTHAL: And We appoint the night and the day two portents. Then We make dark the portent of the night, and We make the portent of the day sight-giving, that ye may seek bounty from your Lord, and that ye may know the computation of the years, and the reckoning; and everything have We expounded with a clear expounding.
SHAKIR: And We have made the night and the day two signs, then We have made the sign of the night to pass away and We have made the sign of the day manifest, so that you may seek grace from your Lord, and that you might know the numbering of years and the reckoning; and We have explained everything with distinctness. 

018.054
YUSUFALI: We have explained in detail in this Qur'an, for the benefit of mankind, every kind of similitude: but man is, in most things, contentious.
PICKTHAL: And verily We have displayed for mankind in this Qur'an all manner of similitudes, but man is more than anything contentious.
SHAKIR: And certainly We have explained in this Quran every kind of example, and man is most of all given to contention.

 018.109
YUSUFALI: Say: "If the ocean were ink (wherewith to write out) the words of my Lord, sooner would the ocean be exhausted than would the words of my Lord, even if we added another ocean like it, for its aid."
PICKTHAL: Say: Though the sea became ink for the Words of my Lord, verily the sea would be used up before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even though We brought the like thereof to help.
SHAKIR: Say: If the sea were ink for the words of my Lord, the sea would surely be consumed before the words of my Lord are exhausted, though We were to bring the like of that (sea) to add

024.058
YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times (before they come into your presence): Before the prayer of dawn, and when ye lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you. It is no sin for them or for you at other times, when some of you go round attendant upon others (if they come into your presence without leave). Thus Allah maketh clear the revelations for you. Allah is Knower, Wise.
SHAKIR: O you who believe! let those whom your right hands possess and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you three times; before the morning prayer, and when you put off your clothes at midday in summer, and after the prayer of the nightfall; these are three times of privacy for you; neither is it a sin for you nor for them besides these, some of you must go round about (waiting) upon others; thus does Allah make clear to you the communications, and Allah is Knowing, Wise. 
 

041.002
YUSUFALI: A Revelation from (Allah), Most Gracious, Most Merciful;-
PICKTHAL: A revelation from the Beneficent, the Merciful,
SHAKIR: A revelation from the Beneficent, the Merciful Allah:

041.003
YUSUFALI: A Book, whereof the verses are explained in detail;- a Qur'an in Arabic, for people who understand;-
PICKTHAL: A Scripture whereof the verses are expounded, a Lecture in Arabic for people who have knowledge,
SHAKIR: A Book of which the verses are made plain, an Arabic Quran for a people who know:

 044.002
YUSUFALI: By the Book that makes things clear;-
PICKTHAL: By the Scripture that maketh plain
SHAKIR: I swear by the Book that makes manifest (the truth).

One would hope and pray that the obivious conclusion will be reached by the reader. Allah is stating that The Quran is clear, complete, detailed and explained.

How strong is your faith in Allah and The Quran?
It is a very simple question: when Allah states it is clear, complete, detailed and explained... do you believe what Allah is saying? Or do you believe Muslims need other religious books (i.e. hadith books full of tradition/culture) to clarify or explain things?

I will leave this conclusion to you, but do not be surprised that in The Quran itself it predicts what the messenger will say on the Day of Judgement:

 025.030
YUSUFALI: Then the Messenger will say: "O my Lord! Truly my people took this Qur'an for just foolish nonsense."
PICKTHAL: And the messenger saith: O my Lord! Lo! mine own folk make this Qur'an of no account.
SHAKIR: And the Messenger cried out: O my Lord! surely my people have treated this Quran as a forsaken thing.


Disclaimer: All the above information is correct to the best of my knowledge only and thus should not be taken as a fact, one should always seek knowledge and verify information given to them. [17:36, 20:114, 35:28, 49:6, 58:11]

If it is still unclear, feel free to join the Forum.

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Prayers

This answer is provided by a devout Muslim and a good progam listener. His response is well researched and entirely Quran based and I encourage others to do the same.Thank you brother Farooq Sarwar khan. I have not edited anything from his presentation except I have  added other renowned Translators to present the reader a bigger picture for further enlightment.

How to Pray, is it mentioned in the Quran?

The objective of this question is to imply that challenges God's assertion and a subconscious effort to prove that God
is wrong in His repeated assertions that Quran is "Complete", "Perfect" and "Fully Detailed".

This is a tricky and wicked question asked by many people to provide reinforce that FIRQA is necessary and one must follow an Imam and must belong to a firqa. Is it correct, let us find out.

Prayers Start with Wudu. It is mentioned clearly in:

[5:6] "O you who believe, when you observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), you shall:

(1) wash your faces, 

(2) wash your arms to the elbows,

(3) wipe your heads, and

(4) wash your feet to the ankles".

005.006
YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; Rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith your faces and hands, Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete his favour to you, that ye may be grateful.
PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer, wash you faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if ye are unclean, purify yourselves. And if ye are sick or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find not water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that ye may give thanks.
SHAKIR: O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful.

Let us move on:

Abraham was the founder of Islam as we practice it today, and the one who called us "Muslims" .

16:123 "Then we inspired you (O Muhammad) to follow the religion of Abraham, monotheism; never was he an idol-worshiper."

016.123
YUSUFALI: So We have taught thee the inspired (Message), "Follow the ways of Abraham the True in Faith, and he joined not gods with Allah."
PICKTHAL: And afterward We inspired thee (Muhammad, saying): Follow the religion of Abraham, as one by nature upright. He was not of the idolaters.
SHAKIR: Then We revealed to you: Follow the faith of Ibrahim, the upright one, and he was not of the polytheists.


In Sura 73, few weeks after the revelation of the Quran, 73:20 is telling the Muslims to observe the SALAT and Zakat.

Does it make sense that God would issue a commandment to observe something not already known.???

073.020
YUSUFALI: Thy Lord doth know that thou standest forth (to prayer) nigh two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so doth a party of those with thee. But Allah doth appoint night and day in due measure He knoweth that ye are unable to keep count thereof. So He hath turned to you (in mercy): read ye, therefore, of the Qur'an as much as may be easy for you. He knoweth that there may be (some) among you in ill-health; others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah's bounty; yet others fighting in Allah's Cause, read ye, therefore, as much of the Qur'an as may be easy (for you); and establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity; and loan to Allah a Beautiful Loan. And whatever good ye send forth for your souls ye shall find it in Allah's Presence,- yea, better and greater, in Reward and seek ye the Grace of Allah: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
PICKTHAL: Lo! thy Lord knoweth how thou keepest vigil sometimes nearly two-thirds of the night, or (sometimes) half or a third thereof, as do a party of those with thee. Allah measureth the night and the day. He knoweth that ye count it not, and turneth unto you in mercy. Recite, then, of the Qur'an that which is easy for you. He knoweth that there are sick folk among you, while others travel in the land in search of Allah's bounty, and others (still) are fighting for the cause of Allah. So recite of it that which is easy (for you), and establish worship and pay the poor-due, and (so) lend unto Allah a goodly loan. Whatsoever good ye send before you for your souls, ye will find it with Allah, better and greater in the recompense. And seek forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
SHAKIR: Surely your Lord knows that you pass in prayer nearly two-thirds of the night, and (sometimes) half of it, and (sometimes) a third of it, and (also) a party of those with you; and Allah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are not able to do it, so He has turned to you (mercifully), therefore read what is easy of the Quran. He knows that there must be among you sick, and others who travel in the land seeking of the bounty of Allah, and others who fight in Allah's way, therefore read as much of it as is easy (to you), and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and offer to Allah a goodly gift, and whatever of good you send on beforehand for yourselves, you will find it with Allah; that is best and greatest in reward; and ask forgiveness of Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

 In 2:128 we see Abraham and Ismail implore God to teach them "THE RELIGIOUS PRACTICES OF ISLAM"

"As Abraham raised the foundation of Ka'ba, together with Ismail, they prayed, 'Our Lord, accept this work from us;
You are the Hearer, the Omniscient. Our Lord, and make us Muslims to You and from our descendants let there be a nation
of Muslims to you; AND TEACH US HOW TO PRACTICE OUR RELIGIOUS DUTIES, and redeem us;
You are the Redeemer, the Merciful'" 2:127-128

002.127
YUSUFALI: And remember Abraham and Isma'il raised the foundations of the House (With this prayer): "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-knowing.
PICKTHAL: And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House, (Abraham prayed): Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower.
SHAKIR: And when Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundations of the House: Our Lord! accept from us; surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing:

002.128
YUSUFALI: "Our Lord! make of us Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to Thy (will); and show us our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
PICKTHAL: Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful.
SHAKIR: Our Lord! and make us both submissive to Thee and (raise) from our offspring a nation submitting to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully), surely Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.

Allah's Orders, clearly state, what to do there after Wudu, Allah Ordered Abraham and Ismael for Rukuu and Sujuud.

002.125
YUSUFALI: Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).
PICKTHAL: And when We made the House (at Makka) a resort for mankind and sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My house for those who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow down and prostrate themselves (in worship).
SHAKIR: And when We made the House a pilgrimage for men and a (place of) security, and: Appoint for yourselves a place of prayer on the standing-place of Ibrahim. And We enjoined Ibrahim and Ismail saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves.

Allah even instructed Mariam to Do Rukuu and Sujud.

003.043
YUSUFALI: "O Mary! worship Thy Lord devoutly: Prostrate thyself, and bow down (in prayer) with those who bow down."
PICKTHAL: O Mary! Be obedient to thy Lord, prostrate thyself and bow with those who bow (in worship).
SHAKIR: O Marium! keep to obedience to your Lord and humble yourself, and bow down with those who bow.

Then Allah Gave us five times of Prayers. These are mentioned here.
God gave us the times for the Salat (contact Prayers) in the Quran :

(1) The Dawn Prayer (Fajr in Arabic) given in 11:114, 24:58 011.114


YUSUFALI: And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: For those things, that are good remove those that are evil: Be that the word of remembrance to those who remember (their Lord):
PICKTHAL: Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.
SHAKIR: And keep up prayer in the two parts of the day and in the first hours of the night; surely good deeds take away evil deeds this is a reminder to the mindful.

024.058
YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times (before they come into your presence): Before the prayer of dawn, and when ye lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you. It is no sin for them or for you at other times, when some of you go round attendant upon others (if they come into your presence without leave). Thus Allah maketh clear the revelations for you. Allah is Knower, Wise.
SHAKIR: O you who believe! let those whom your right hands possess and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you three times; before the morning prayer, and when you put off your clothes at midday in summer, and after the prayer of the nightfall; these are three times of privacy for you; neither is it a sin for you nor for them besides these, some of you must go round about (waiting) upon others; thus does Allah make clear to you the communications, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.

011.114
YUSUFALI: And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: For those things, that are good remove those that are evil: Be that the word of remembrance to those who remember (their Lord):
PICKTHAL: Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.
SHAKIR: And keep up prayer in the two parts of the day and in the first hours of the night; surely good deeds take away evil deeds this is a reminder to the mindful.


(2) The Noon Prayer (Zuher in Arabic) , given in 17:78 and 30:18

017.078
YUSUFALI: Establish regular prayers - at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony.
PICKTHAL: Establish worship at the going down of the sun until the dark of night, and (the recital of) the Qur'an at dawn. Lo! (the recital of) the Qur'an at dawn is ever witnessed.
SHAKIR: Keep up prayer from the declining of the sun till the darkness of the night and the morning recitation; surely the morning recitation is witnessed.

030.018
YUSUFALI: Yea, to Him be praise, in the heavens and on earth; and in the late afternoon and when the day begins to decline.
PICKTHAL: Unto Him be praise in the heavens and the earth! - and at the sun's decline and in the noonday.
SHAKIR: And to Him belongs praise in the heavens and the earth, and at nightfall and when you are at midday.


(3) The Afternoon Prayer (Asr in Arabic), given in 2:238

002.238
YUSUFALI: Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).
PICKTHAL: Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with devotion to Allah.
SHAKIR: Attend constantly to prayers and to the middle prayer and stand up truly obedient to Allah.

(4) The sunset Prayer (Maghrib in Arabic), given in 11:114

011.114
YUSUFALI: And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: For those things, that are good remove those that are evil: Be that the word of remembrance to those who remember (their Lord):
PICKTHAL: Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.
SHAKIR: And keep up prayer in the two parts of the day and in the first hours of the night; surely good deeds take away evil deeds this is a reminder to the mindful.


(5) The Night Prayer (Isha in Arabic), given in 24:58

024.058
YUSUFALI: O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
PICKTHAL: O ye who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times (before they come into your presence): Before the prayer of dawn, and when ye lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you. It is no sin for them or for you at other times, when some of you go round attendant upon others (if they come into your presence without leave). Thus Allah maketh clear the revelations for you. Allah is Knower, Wise.
SHAKIR: O you who believe! let those whom your right hands possess and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you three times; before the morning prayer, and when you put off your clothes at midday in summer, and after the prayer of the nightfall; these are three times of privacy for you; neither is it a sin for you nor for them besides these, some of you must go round about (waiting) upon others; thus does Allah make clear to you the communications, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.


** TAKBEER (Glorification of God), Allahu Akbar : The Takbeer (glorification of God) by saying Allahu Akbar
for example can be found in 17:111, 2:185, 22 :37, 74:3, and 29:45

017.111
YUSUFALI: Say: "Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!"
PICKTHAL: And say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty, nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence.
SHAKIR: And say: (All) praise is due to Allah, Who has not taken a son and Who has not a partner in the kingdom, and Who has not a helper to save Him from disgrace; and proclaim His greatness magnifying (Him).

002.185
YUSUFALI: Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.
PICKTHAL: The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.
SHAKIR: The month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for His having guided you and that you may give thanks.

022.037
YUSUFALI: It is not their meat nor their blood, that reaches Allah: it is your piety that reaches Him: He has thus made them subject to you, that ye may glorify Allah for His Guidance to you and proclaim the good news to all who do right.
PICKTHAL: Their flesh and their food reach not Allah, but the devotion from you reacheth Him. Thus have We made them subject unto you that ye may magnify Allah that He hath guided you. And give good tidings (O Muhammad) to the good.
SHAKIR: There does not reach Allah their flesh nor their blood, but to Him is acceptable the guarding (against evil) on your part; thus has He made them subservient to you, that you may magnify Allah because He has guided you aright; and give good news to those who do good (to others).

074.003
YUSUFALI: And thy Lord do thou magnify!
PICKTHAL: Thy Lord magnify,
SHAKIR: And your Lord do magnify,

029.045
YUSUFALI: Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee, and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that ye do.
PICKTHAL: Recite that which hath been inspired in thee of the Scripture, and establish worship. Lo! worship preserveth from lewdness and iniquity, but verily remembrance of Allah is more important. And Allah knoweth what ye do.
SHAKIR: Recite that which has been revealed to you of the Book and keep up prayer; surely prayer keeps (one) away from indecency and evil, and certainly the remembrance of Allah is the greatest, and Allah knows what you do

[17:110-111] " Say, "Call Him GOD, or call Him the Most Gracious; whichever name you use, to Him belongs the best names."
You shall not utter your Contact Prayers (Salat) too loudly, nor secretly;
use a moderate tone.
And proclaim: "Praise be to GOD, who has never begotten a son, nor does He have a partner in His kingship,
   nor does He need any ally out of weakness,"
and magnify Him constantly (Kabberho Takbeera)."

017.110
YUSUFALI: Say: "Call upon Allah, or call upon Rahman: by whatever name ye call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Neither speak thy Prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between."
PICKTHAL: Say (unto mankind): Cry unto Allah, or cry unto the Beneficent, unto whichsoever ye cry (it is the same). His are the most beautiful names. And thou (Muhammad), be not loud-voiced in thy worship nor yet silent therein, but follow a way between.
SHAKIR: Say: Call upon Allah or call upon, the Beneficent Allah; whichever you call upon, He has the best names; and do not utter your prayer with a very raised voice nor be silent with regard to it, and seek a way between these.

017.111
YUSUFALI: Say: "Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!"
PICKTHAL: And say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty, nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence.
SHAKIR: And say: (All) praise is due to Allah, Who has not taken a son and Who has not a partner in the kingdom, and Who has not a helper to save Him from disgrace; and proclaim His greatness magnifying (Him).


** Reading of Sura-e-Fateha is established by Muhammad PBUH - No need to refer to a Firqa.

BOWING DOWN (Rukoo) AND FALLING PROSTRATE (Sajood): Where in the Quran;

Allah Instructed Ibrahim to construct a place of worship where people can Bow (Rukuu) and Prostrate (Sujud).

002.125
YUSUFALI: Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety;
and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer;
and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round,
or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).


[22:77]
"O you who believe, you shall bow, prostrate, worship your Lord, and work righteousness, that you may succeed. "

See also, 2:43, 2:125, 5:55, 9:112, 22:26 and 48:29


For falling prostrate also see; 3:113, 4:102, 7:206, 13:15, 15:98, 16:49, 17:107, 19:58, 22:18, 25:64, 41:37, 48:29, 53:62, 76:26, and 96:19,

WHAT WE SAY WHEN WE BOW DOWN : "Subhana Rabbya Al-Azeem), can be found in 56:74

[56:74] "You shall glorify the name of your Lord, the Great. ' (Fa-Sabbeh Be-Ism Rabbeka Al-Azeem)

Then the answer to this is THAt WE SAY WHEN WE GET UP
FROM BOWING DOWN: "Sami-a Allahu Le-man Hamedahu" (God hears those who praise Him)

WHAT WE SAY WHEN WE FALL PROSTRATE: "Subhana Rabbya Al-A'ala " can be found in 87:1

[87:1] "Glorify the name of your Lord, the Most High." (Sabbeh Ism Rabbeka Al-A'ala)

SHAHADA (TASHAHHUD):
La Elaha Ella Allah (There is no god but God).
The Shahada recited after the prostration of the second Rakaat and at the end of the prayers can be found in 3:18.
This is the Shahada of God, the angels and those who possess knowledge.
The Shahada of the hypocrites can be found in 63:1

[3:18] "GOD bears witness that there is no god except He, (La Elaha Ella Ho, Ho in reference to God, Allah )
and so do the angels and those who possess knowledge.
Truthfully and equitably, He is the absolute god; there is no god but He, the Almighty, Most Wise."

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